China's indebted property firm Evergrande committed two 'cardinal sins,' says portfolio manager

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The Emerald Bay residential task developed by China Evergrande successful the Tuen Mun territory of the New Territories successful Hong Kong, China, connected Friday, July 23, 2021.

Lam Yik | Bloomberg | Getty Images

China Evergrande has committed "two cardinal sins" which person led to the indebtedness situation it's present facing — and investors are "definitely sweating," according to 1 portfolio manager.

The archetypal "sin" is that the cash-strapped spot elephantine has borrowed excessively overmuch money, says Matthews Asia's caput of fixed income, Teresa Kong. Evergrande, the world's astir indebted spot developer, has implicit $300 cardinal successful liabilities.

The 2nd is that the steadfast has "questionable firm governance."

"So erstwhile you person the 2 together, it's similar having a truly adust wood and the tinder to truly ignite," said Kong, who is besides a portfolio manager.

Problems astatine Evergrande person escalated successful caller weeks.

The institution warned investors doubly successful arsenic galore weeks that it could default. On Tuesday, Evergrande said it's astatine hazard of a transverse default, which means specified risks could spill into different related sectors.

Evergrande said Tuesday its spot income would proceed to deteriorate significantly this month, adding to its terrible currency travel problems.

The steadfast has been struggling to rise currency by trying to merchantability disconnected assorted assets, but those person not yielded immoderate income yet, it said Tuesday.

Contagion effect?

Evergrande is China's second-largest spot steadfast by sales.

Analysts person been monitoring the anticipation of wider contagion successful the existent property sector, and larger fiscal systemic risks successful China.

Kong warned that there's "a batch of leverage" successful the system. "That's why… it's truly important to marque definite that determination continues to beryllium liquidity, and determination continues to beryllium confidence," she told CNBC's "Squawk Box Asia" connected Wednesday.

"Last but not least, surely is to guarantee there's nary much societal unrest due to the fact that Evergrande does person a precise heavy reach."

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Evergrande owns much than 1,300 existent property projects successful implicit 280 cities successful China, according to the company's website. In caller days, protests by aggravated location buyers and investors person breached retired successful assorted cities successful China, Reuters reported.

"So they're each implicit successful presumption of their quality to present property, and if that gets truncated, we could really spot immoderate much issues," Kong added.

Foreign investors are astir apt the past priority

Foreign investors holding Evergrande bonds are "definitely sweating," Kong said.

The authorities is wide connected its extremity of maintaining societal stability, and that means putting location buyers first, according to the portfolio manager.

"The archetypal happening you privation to bash is to supply … capable assurance … supply liquidity, truthful that they tin present those homes, to those radical who enactment successful the down payments," Kong said.

Mom-and-pop investors volition astir apt beryllium the 2nd priority, she said, referring to little experienced retail investors.

"Whereas offshore investors, look, they're organization investors who really should recognize these risks. So I deliberation that a batch of these investors should beryllium looking astatine immoderate benignant of amend and extend, meaning that they whitethorn person to instrumentality a haircut connected their main or, spot their coupon being paid astatine a overmuch aboriginal date," Kong said. A coupon is yearly involvement paid retired for a bond.

Evergrande has six bonds maturing adjacent year, and 10 successful 2023, of a full of 24 bonds it has issued, according to Refinitiv Eikon data. Its bonds are besides included successful assorted Asian high-yield indexes.

Evergrande stocks person plummeted astir 80% this year, and its bonds person besides tumbled.

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